Hail the Usurper!
A Chronology of Important Events relevant to Hail the Usurper! 1000-1094 AD
Giric, son of King Kenneth III (r.997-1005) is proclaimed as
King Giric II beside his father at Scone
Macduff is born
Macbeth mac Finlay is born
September-Malcolm the Destroyer returns from exile in Ireland
November- Battle of Monzievaird or the Battle of the Moor of Bards,
Kenneth III and his heir, King Giric II are killed in single combat by Malcolm the Destroyer
December-Malcolm the Destroyer is crowned King Malcolm II at Scone
June- Malcolm II’s army under the command of Edmund, Thane of Dunfermline is massacred by the Northumbrians outside Carham
Thorfinn the Mighty is born
The Danish Prince Cnut, or Canute, son of Sweyn Forkbeard, becomes King of England
June-Battle of Carham, also known as the Battle of the Coldstream.
King Malcolm wins a great victory over Jarl Eadwulf and the Northumbrians
The Kingdom of Alba annexes Lothian as a result of the Battle of Carham
September-Owain the Bald, King of Strathclyde dies without issue
Finlay the Mormaer of Moray is murdered by his nephews, Máel Coluim
& Gille Coemgáin whilst traveling to Inverness
Máel Coluim succeeds Finlay as the Mormaer of Moray
Harold Godwinson is born
Thorfinn the son of Sigurd becomes Jarl of Orkney
Macduff becomes Thane of Fife
Cnut, King of England gains the crown of Norway
Macbeth the Thane of Cromarty slays his cousin, Máel Coluim outside Nairn. Gille Coemgáin thus becomes Mormaer of Moray
Lulach, the son of Gille Coemgáin is born
Siward the Dane becomes Jarl of Northumbria
April-King Malcolm II establishes the Anglo-Saxon/Scottish border at Strathclyde, formalizing a treaty with King Cnut of England
September-King Malcolm named King of Strathclyde
October-Macbeth, Thane of Cromarty burns his cousin Gille Coemgáin
and fifty of his men alive at Dingwall.
Macbeth becomes Mormaer of Moray
October to November-Siege of Glamis Castle
November- King Malcolm II dies from wounds suffered late in the siege
December-Duncan, son of Crínán is crowned Duncan I, King of Alba
Prince Malcolm Canmore, heir
to King Duncan I, is born
Macbeth the Mormaer of Moray marries Gruoch, widow
of his cousin Gille Coemgáin
June-Thorfinn The Mighty, Jarl of Orkney begins
his invasion of Alba & Northumbria, raiding throughout southern Alba and North
King Duncan’s army wins a bloody victory over Thorfinn the Mightyand his Orkneymen in the Pentland Firth at the Battle of the Longships
September-Rebellion of the Thane of Cawdor, Colin mac Fionn, begins
September-October-The Siege of Cawdor, broken after more than a month by Macduff, Thane of Fife and his armies.
December-Battle of Seacliff, the Mormaer of Moray Macbeth defeats Macdonalds army, and then the Thane of Cawdor’s rebel army, capturing him and slaying his Norse ally Asgrim Halsgard.
January-The Thane of Cawdor is executed on King Duncan’s orders at Scone
June- King Duncan invades Northumbria.
September-Battle of Carham, King Duncan’s host is defeated outside the walls of Carham by Siward’s housecarls.
January-King Duncan is defeated outside the walls of Carham by the Jarl Siwards’ army.
June-Thorfinn The Mighty destroys King Duncans’
fleet off the coast of Deerness in the Orkney islands. King Duncan retreats across the Moray Firth to safety.
July-Battle of Sutherland, Moddan is killed and his royalist army
defeated by Thorkell, foster father of Thorfinn The Mighty.
August- King Duncan I is killed in the Battle of Elgin,
Macbeth the Mormaer of Moray is crowned King of Alba.
October-King Macbeth and Jarl Thorfinn the Mighty agree to a truce
at the siteof the Battle of Sutherland, ending Orkney-Alban
conflict for many years to come.
September-Thorfinn The Mighty captures Strathclyde
Novemeber-Jarl Thorfinn’s Orkneymen withdraw from Strathclyde, Moray,
and southern Alba
May-Revolt of Crínán, The Mormaer of Atholl begins a revolt
and is killed in a small skirmish with Macbeths’ royal army
on the northern banks of the Firth of Tay
May-December-King Macbeth goes on a pilgrimage to Rome
Jarl Thorfinn the Mighty converts to Christianity
Macbeth returns from his pilgrimage to Rome.
June-Battle of Dunsinane Hill, Macbeth is defeated by
Jarl Siward and Prince Malcolm Canmore’s allied armies.
Macbeth flees to the castle at Elgin.
August-Siward and Prince Malcolm’s armies march back to Northumbria.
November-Siward, Jarl of Northumbria dies in Carham.
December-Tostig Godwinson succeeds Siward as Jarl of Northumbria.
April-The armies of Prince Malcolm and Prince Donalbane
enter Strathclyde, beginning the Usurpation of King Macbeth
June-Macbeth abdicates in favor of his step-son, Lulach
July-The Three Days Battles are fought at Dundurn, Forteviot, and Scone
Battle of Dundurn, Malcolm Canmore and Donald the Fair’s rebel host is
defeated by the army of Iomhair, who is killed at the end of the battle
Battle of Forteviot, Donald the Fair wins a decisive victory over Macbeth and King Lulach’s army opening the road to Scone.
Storming of Scone, Malcolm and Donalbane capture Scone but King Lulach and Macbeth escape.
August-Battle of the Peelring of Lumphanan, Prince Malcolm Canmore’s army kills King Macbeth.
Battle of Hereford-Prince Gruffydd ap Llywelyn of Wales defeats & kills Ralf the Timid the Earl of Hereford, sacking the town of Hereford & then burning the dead lords castle.
King Lulach is killed by Malcolm Canmore before the Prince’s decisive victory over the Royalist and Moray remnants at the Battle of Essie.
June- Orkneymen begin raiding off the coast of Moray.
King Malcolm’s army raids and sacks the island Lindisfarne, off the coast of Northumbria.
Prince Malcolm, son and heir of the King, is born.
June-Thorfinn the Mighty dies whilst journeying to the Faroe Islands.
January- King Edward the Confessor of England dies and is succeeded by his brother-in-law, King Harold Godwinson
May-Tostig raids southern England and is later repulsed by Earls Morcar & Edwin of Northumbria
September-Battle of Fulford Gate, King Harold Hardrada of Norway defeats Earls Morcar & Edwin.
Battle of Stamford Bridge, Harold Hardrada and Earl Tostig Godwinson are defeated & killed by the Saxon English army of King Harold Godwinson. King Harold Hardrada retains control over England.
October-Battle of Hastings, William the Bastard defeats & kills King Harold Godwinson, the last Anglo-Saxon King of England.
December-William, now called the Conqueror is crowned
King of England on Christmas Day.
Einar of Iceland succeeds Thorfinn the Mighty,
becoming the Jarl of Orkney.
Godwine & Edmund the sons of King Harold Godwinson raid southern England.
December-King William I of England sends his Norman knights into North England, beginning the over year long campaign of terror, known as the Harrying of North.
King Harold Godwinson’s son’s Godwine, Edmund, & Magnus raid Southern England.
September-King Malcolm launches his First Raid on Northumbria
October-Gospatric, Jarl of Northumbria since 1067, is forced into exile.
Prince Duncan, second son of King Malcolm Canmore, is born.
King William of England’s Harrying of the North ends.
June-King Malcolm Canmore begins his Second Raid of Northumbria, attacking
and then burning ‘large swaths of Yorkshire and the Humber’.
August-King Malcolm Canmore withdraws north after defeating the Gospatric, the Earl of Siwards’ host at the Battle of Tweedsmuir.
The King of Leinster, Diarmait mac Maíl dies and is succeeded by Domnaill mac Murchada.
Gospatric is beheaded on the order of King William for his defeat at the Battle of Tweedsmuir in 1071, amongst other offenses.
King Malcolm Canmore’s armies defeat the Orkneymen of Jarl Einar at the Battle of Lannraig.
Edgar, third son of King Malcolm Canmore, is born.
King Malcolm Canmore pays homage to William the Conqueror & Prince Duncan becomes a hostage in Norman England.
Robert de Mowbray is made Earl of Northumbria by King William I.
Prince Duncan returns to Alba from Norman England.
September-William I, King of England dies and is
succeeded by his third son, William II, known also as William Rufus
Macbeth mac Finlay succeedes his
father as Macbeth II, King of Moray
Jarl of Orkney, Paul Thorfinsson dies and King Olaf I names
his brother-in-law Harald Fine Hair as his successor
Edgar the Valiant sails from Normandy to south England
September-Irish mercenaries dispatched by Prince Duncan,
defeat Norweign & Danish raiders outside Glasgow
King Olaf I dies and is succeeded by his nephew Magnus Barefoot who is crowned Magnus II, King of Norway and King of the Western Isles.
August-King Malcolm invades Northumbria for the third and final time, in the War For Northumbria, 1093-1094.
Macbeth mac Finlay goes to war with the Thane of Cromarty, taking his ancestor Macbeths’ former title and exiling his former thane.
September- King Malcolm III and his eldest son Prince Malcolm are killed in the Battle of Alnwick, Northumbria.
Malcolm’s brother Donalbane, known as Donald the Fair, is crowned as Donald III, King of Alba.
The Events of Hail the Usurper begin
January-Prince Duncan and his host invade Northumbria.
April-Prince Duncan retreats from Northumbria back to Alba.
May-King Donald III makes peace with Robert de Mowbray, ending
the War For Northumbria
July-Prince Duncan, the second son of Malcolm III, is crowned at Fife, naming himself King Duncan II
King Donald III flees north to Loch Ness, Moray
September-Edgar the Valiant, the youngest son of Malcolm Canmore
invades Alba with a Norman host, styling himself King Edgar I, King of Alba
December-William FitzDuncan, son of Duncan II is born